Ethical systems have made significant influences to the growth of an everyday and acceptable ethical code; no one can stand alone as the philosophical basis of a rightly practical system. Most ethical systems have in common numerous characteristics that constitute an ethical person.
- Wisdom – This consists of intelligence grounded in experience. Of wisdom, Socrates once said:” The Dolphic oracle said I was the wisest of the Greeks. It is because I alone, of all the Greeks, know that I know nothing.” Wisdom is to the mind, as health is to the body.
- Courage – Aptly described, courage refers to the determination to stand behind one’s decisions, or to admit a wrong decision. Moral courage is said to be a virtue of higher cast and nobler origin than physical.
- Temperance – It is the ability to see the extreme position of an issue and to steer a middle course. Temperance keeps the senses clear and unembarrassed
- Justice – In the Justinian code, there appears the following quotations: ”Justice is the constant desire to render every man his due.” Thus, justice is respect for the rights of others. It represents fairness and the recognition of the obligations.
- Conscience – Conscience should be the man’s faithful friend and ally. It represents the capacity for recognizing situations that call for ethical decision-making.